Justice John Marshall Quote

“State inspection laws, health laws, and laws for regulating the internal commerce of a State, and those which respect turnpike roads, ferries, &c. are not within the power granted to Congress. ... Inspection laws, quarantine laws, health laws of every description, as well as laws for regulating the internal commerce of a State, and those which respect turnpike roads, ferries, &c., are component parts of this mass. No direct general power over these objects is granted to Congress, and, consequently, they remain subject to State legislation.”

~ Justice John Marshall

Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1 (1824)

Ratings and Comments


jim k, Austin, Tx

States give these powers to the feds when they accept money from Washington.

E Archer, NYC

You've struck the nail on the head, jim k. It is because the States are beholden to Washington for money that DC 'borrows' on the backs of all Americans. It is a vicious cycle -- the solution is simple, though: Just say NO to Washington, no to their 'laws', and no to their debt. A State can issue its own paper money, too, as States and municipalities issue bonds -- these bonds can be traded just as Federal Reserve Notes are used. Time to stop playing musical chairs -- we all know how it ends up.

Mike, Norwalk

Welcome to the occupying statist theocracy infesting this land with its patron vassal states. Constitutional what?

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